Croton,Iowa is located three miles south of Farmington,Iowa along the Des Moines River.On August 5th 1861 the Northern Most Battle of the Civil War west of the Mississippi took place.The South was at Athens,Missouri which is directly across the river from Croton,Iowa where the Northern soldiers were located.
The Battle of Athens is celebrated every year at Athens,Missouri.Croton now consists of a few houses and a small convenience store.It does have a cemetery of historical importance as it contains some of Iowa's earliest settlers and Amos Glover a Revolutionary War veteran.There are 44 Revolutionary Soldiers buried in Iowa.
The original town plat of Athens contained nine blocks, each containing eight lots. It was laid out and established in November, 1844, by the pioneer settler of that vicinity, Isaac Gray...It is located on the banks of the Des Moines River, about two and a half miles below the northeast corner of the State. On the opposite side of the river lies the village of Croton, in Iowa. George Gray built the first storehouse in Athens, and kept the first store therein...At one time before the Civil War, it contained eight dry goods stores. In 1877 it contained the following business houses: Dry goods--J. W. Townsend and Edward Schee; groceries--Hiller & Co., and George Wilson. There were also two wagon shops, one blacksmith shop, a district school-house and two churches--the Methodist and Congregational. A large flouring mill did a prosperous business for many years... (--Clark Co., 349.)
It had one woolen mill, one flouring and grist mill, five stores, one good graded school, and one Methodist Church. The Confederate troops, under Col. Martin E. Green, were defeated by Col. Moore and his undisciplined militia at this place, August 5, 1861.
There was also division of land in Lee County set aside for farms and acreages in the early 1800's.This piece of land was to be used for settlers who had married into the local Indian natives.It was called the Half-Breed Tract.More on that below.Mr Sullivan's compass and angles when astray.
During the 1920s Jack Saltzgaver of Croton, Iowa, came to Keokuk and played for the Cherry Blossoms. In 1932, he was sent to the majors and played for the New York Yankees until 1937, alongside such legends as Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth. From 1938-44, he played and coached for Kansas City and was with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1945. After retiring from baseball, he returned to Keokuk, where he managed the city's skating rink. Saltzgaver passed away at Keokuk in 1978.Reference
The Yankees paid St. Paul $45,000 for Saltzgaver late in the 1931 season, taking him away from the Cubs, who rated him better than Billy Herman, but Saltzgaver was never able to win more than a utility job in New York. (NLM)(Ball Player Library web2.sportsline.com/u/baseball/bol/ballplayers/S/Saltzgaver_Jack.)
278 games played,10 home runs,82 rbi's, .260 battling average.
...................THE HALF-BREED TRACT...............
There was a division of land in Lee County set aside for farms and acreages in the early 1800's.This piece of land was to be used for settlers who had married into the local Indian natives.It was called the Half-Breed Tract.Here is a discription of that Tract of land in Lee County as given in the "History of Lee County 1878".
Before any permanent settlement had been made in the Territory of Iowa. white adventurers, trappers and traders, many of whom were scattered along the Mississippi and its tributaries, as agents, and employes of the American Fur Company, intermarried with the females of the Sac and Fox Indians, producing a race of half-breeds, whose number was never definitely ascertained. There were some respectable and excellent people among them, children of men of some refinement and education. For instance: Dr. Muir, a gentleman educated at Edinburgh, Scotland, a surgeon in the United States Army, stationed at a military post located on the present site of Warsaw, married an Indian woman, and reared his family of three daughters in the city of Keokuk. Other examples might be cited, but they are probably exceptions to the general rule, and the race is now nearly or quite extinct in Iowa.
A treaty was made at Washington, August 4, 1824, between the Sacs and Foxes and the United States, by which that portion of Lee County was reserved to the half-breeds of those tribes, and which was afterward known as “The Half-Breed Tract.” This reservation is the triangular piece of land, containing about 119,000 acres. lying between the Mississippi and Des Moines Rivers. It is bounded on the north by the prolongation of the "NORTHERN BOUNDRY LINE" of Missouri. This line was intended to be a STRAIGHT ONE, running due EAST, which would have caused it to strike the Mississippi River at or below Montrose; but the surveyor who run it took NO NOTICE
of the change in the variation of the needle as he proceeded EASTWARD, and,in consequence, the line he run was BENT, deviating more and more to the NORTHWARD of a direct line as he approached the Mississippi, so that it struck that river at the lower edge of the town of Fort Madison. “This errone-ous line,” says Judge Mason, “has been acquiesced in as well in fixing the northern limit of the Half-Breed Tract as in determining the northern boundary line of the State of Missouri.’’ The line thus run included in the reservation a portion of the lower part of the city of Fort Madison, and all of the present townships of Van Buren, Charleston, Jefferson, Des Moines, Montrose and Jackson.
Under the treaty of 1824, the half-breeds had the right to occupy the soil, but could not convey it, the reversion being reserved to the United States. But on the 30th day of January, 1834, by act of Congress, this reversionary right was relinquished, and the half-breeds acquired the lands in fee simple. This was no sooner done, than a horde of speculators rushed in to buy land of the half-breed owners, and, in many instances, a gun, a blanket, a pony or a few quarts of whisky was sufficient for the purchase of large estates. There was a deal of sharp practice on both sides; Indians would often claim ownership of land by virtue of being half-breeds, and had no difficulty in proving their mixed blood by the Indians, and they would then cheat the speculators by selling land to which they had no rightful title. On the other hand, speculators often claimed land in which they had no ownership. It was diamond cut diamond, until at last things became badly mixed. There were no authorized surveys, and no boundary lines to claims, and, as a natural result, numerous conflicts and quarrels ensued.
To settle these difficulties, to decide the validity of claims or sell them for the benefit of the real owners, by act of the Legislature of Wisconsin Territory, approved January 1G, 1838, Edward Johnstone. Thomas S. Wilson and David Brigham were appointed Commissioners, and clothed with power to effect these objects. The act provided that these Commissioners should be paid six dollars a day each. The commission entered upon its duties and continued until the next session of the Legislature when the act creating it was repealed, invalidat-ing all that had been done and depriving the Commissioners of their pay. The repealing act, however, authorized the Commissioners to commence action against the owners of time Half-Breed Tract, to receive pay for their services, in time District Court of Lee County. Two judgments were obtained, and on execution the whole of the tract was sold to Hugh T. Reid, the Sheriff executing the deed. Mr. Reid sold portions of it to various parties, but his own title was questioned and he became involved in litigation. Decisions in favor of Reid and those holding under him were made by both District and Supreme Courts, but in December, 185O, these decisions were finally reversed by the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Joseph Webster, plaintiff in error, vs. Hugh T. Reid, and the judgment titles failed. About nine years before the “judgment titles” were finally abrogated as above, another class of titles were -brought into competition with them, and in the conflict between the two, the final decision was obtained. These were the titles based on the “decree of partition” issued by the United States District Court for the Territory of Iowa, on the 8th of May, 1841, and certified to by the Clerk on the 2d day of June of that year. Edward Johnstone and Hugh T. Reid, then law partners at Fort Madison, filed the petition for the decree in behalf of the St. Louis claimants of half-breed lands. Francis S. Key, author of the Star Spangled Banner, who was then attorney for the New York Land Company, which held heavy interests in these lands, took a leading part in the measure, and drew up the document in which it was presented to the court. Judge Charles Mason, of Burlington. pre-sided. The plan of partition divided the tract into one hundred and one shares and arranged that each claimant should draw his proportion by lot, and should abide the result, whatever it might be. The arrangement was entered into, the lots drawn, and the plat of the same filed in the Recorder’s office, October 6, 1841. Upon this basis the titles to land in the Half-Breed Tract are now held.
THE HALF-BREED TRACT.
Under the act of Congress approved January 30, 1834, giving the half-breeds a title to their lands in fee simple, a horde of speculators rushed to the country to trade and bargain with the half-Indians. Sharp bargains were made, and many of those for whose benefit the law was passed parted with their lands for a mere trifle.
The commission appointed to decide upon the validity of claims first met at Montrose, on Wednesday, the 9th day of May, 1838, where claimants were summoned to appear and prove up.” The hearing of testimony continued until the first session of the Iowa Legislature (which met November 12, 1838), when influences were brought to bear that secured the repeal of the act under which the commission was appointed, as well as the purposes for which it was intended. This repeal not only re-opened the claim question to disturb the country again, but also deprived the Commissioners of their per diem from the Territorial treasury.
When the repealing act was introduced, the friends of the Commissioners attached thereto certain sections giving them a lien on the half-breed lands. The second section of the áct provided that the several Commissioners, by and under the act repealed, who were authorized to sit and take testimony, etc., under said act, “may immediately, or as soon as convenient, commence action before the District Court of Lee County for their several accounts against the owners of the half-breed lands, and give eight weeks’ notice in the Iowa Territorial Gazette to said owners of such lands; and the Judges of said District Court, upon the trial of said suits before it at. the next term, shall, if said accounts are deemed correct, order judgment for the amount and cost to be entered up against said owners, and said judgments shall be a lien on said lands,” etc. The third section declared “the words ‘owners of half-breed lands lying in Lee County’ shall be a sufficient designation and specification of the defendants in said suits.” And by the fifth section it was provided that “the trial of said suits shall be before the Court, and not a jury; and this act shall receive a liberal construction, such as will carry out the spirit and inten-tion thereof.”
At the August term of the District Court of Lee County, 1839, two judgements and executions on these lands were obtained—one in behalf of Edward Johnstone, for $1,290; the other in behalf of David Brigham, for $818, for services rendered as Commissioners; and the whole Half-Breed Tract was sold to Hugh T. Reid. The Sheriff, Hawkins Taylor, returned on both the executions that he had levied “on the Half-Breed Sac and Fox Reservation in Lee County, Iowa Territory, commonly called the Half-Breed Tract, and had advertised and sold the same for $2,884.66.”
In pursuance of this sale, William Stotts, the Sheriff, succeeding Hawkins Taylor, made to Hugh T. Reid, the purchaser, a deed for the lands levied on, containing 119,000 acres, more or less.
Mr. Reid sold more or less of it, at different times and to different purchasers, but the titles based on the judgments did not hold good.
In the litigation which followed, the titles derived through Reid were known as the “judgment titles.”
Early in 1841, Edward Johnstone and Hugh T. Reid (then law partners at Fort Madison), as attorneys for the St. Louis claimants of half-breed lands, filed a petition at the May term of the United States District Court for the Territory of Iowa for a decree of partition. Francis S. Key, author of the “ Star Spangled Banner,” who was then an attorney for the New York Land Com-pany, which held heavy interests in these lands, was one of the attorneys for the Company, and drew the decree by which the Half-Breed Tract was parti-tioned and divided amongst the several claimants to the ownership of the lands. Judge Charles Mason, of Burlington, presided. The decree for partition divided the tract into 101 shares, and arranged that each claimant should draw his pro-portion by lot, and that they should abide by the result, whatever it might be.
The decree of partition was signed by the Court May 8, 1841. Now fob jawed, until about fifteen years thereafter, a series of lawsuits between the claimants under the judgment and decree titles on the one side, and the settlers on the Half-Breed Tract, who numbered several thousand, on the other side. These titles were also contended against by parties who owned half-breed titles, but bad not been recognized by the decree, which was one of mutual compromise by the parties then before the Court. Finally, partly by compromise and partly by success of litigation, the decree title obtained the advantage, and became the settled and established title to the Half-Breed Tract.
[“A Member of the Bar” prepared a very full and concise history of the legal contest, and the status of the titles as they existed at the time, which was published in the Keokuk Register in December, 1848, where it is preserved, and where it may be reviewed if any of the points involved ever become subjects of controversy or dispute.]
Owing to the fact that no names were mentioned in the law giving the half-breeds power to sell, it was difficult to fix upon the real owners. Sometimes a full-blooded Indian sold a tract of land in which he had no earthly interest. Sometimes a half-breed of some other tribe palmed himself off as a half-breed Sac and Fox, and in other instances genuine half-breeds sold and conveyed their interests to several different parties. From these causes it became difficult to determine between an honest title and a bogus one. Confusion became worse con-founded. Many people had settled on the lands under the impression that there was no title vested in any person; that the land still belonged to the General Government, and that they were entitled to pre-emption rights as first settlers. Owing to these different opinions, there was a considerable population on the land when the decree of partition was made who held defective titles, and who, in numbers as well as determination, were too formidable to be hastily removed. Under such circumstances, it is not strange that there were numerous instances of attempted resistance to legal process of ejectment, or that fierce excitement and violent outbreaks were of frequent occurrence.
In the hills just outside Croton works a young man whose whole day is devoted to building the Osage Bow.James Easter,Bowyer has over 12 years experience building the Osage Bow.His Bows are each one of a kind works of art and a fully functional hunting Bow that will provide you a lifetime of hunting pleasure.His Osage comes from local stock and each Osage Bow takes upwards of 40 to 80 hours of handwork to produce this remarkable hunting Bow.Most are built to the style of the Plains Indians with a little mixture at times of the English Longbow.
James can also provide you with the Osage Orange Stave you need to make your own Primitive Bow.He carefully selects each Osage log so as to only work the best wood available.Each Osage Stave is handworked from the splitting,bark stripping,and trimming the wood so as to insure he has only the best to start his Bows from.His skills are tried by many but only a handfull continue on to become true Bowyers.The Primitive archery ways of yesteryear are returning to the Bow hunting world and will continue to grow as archers gain interest in how it was done a hundred years ago.The links below to our other more descriptive web sites on Primitive archery will tell you more on Building the Osage Bow.
Below is some interesting history about the Croton area and a good place to learn about some of your ancestors.If you go to www.genealogy.com and search for Croton or Croton Iowa you see the roster list of some of Lee County Van Buren Township Cemetaries.
Southern Border Brigade
Roster Company A - 1st Battalion
Allen, James S. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Anthony, Isaac. Residence Croton, nativity Missouri. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Anthony, William. Residence Croton, nativity Indiana. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Batten, John. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Bishop, Samuel. Residence Belfast, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Black, H. M. Residence Keokuk, nativity Kentucky. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Bland, George W. Residence Croton, nativity Missouri. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Browne, Wells. Residence Keokuk, nativity Michigan. Appointed First Lieutenant October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862. Resigned.
Buchanan, Nathan. Residence Croton, nativity Indiana. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Butlin, William. Residence Croton, nativity England. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Carr, J. T. Residence Vincennes, nativity Indiana. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Chidester, Samuel D. Age 32. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862. Promoted First Lieutenant February 24, 1863.
Crocker, William F. Residence Croton, nativity Illinois. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Dolling, William W. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862, as First Sergeant. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Dorman, James. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Fannacohle, C. Residence Croton, nativity Germany. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Farris, James H. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted March 23, 1863. Mustered March 23, 1863.
Farris, Joseph T. Age 28. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Appointed Captain Feb. 24, 1863.
Gardner, William. Residence Belfast, nativity Pennsylvania. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Goben, J. B. Residence Keokuk, nativity Kentucky. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Guyton, John. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862. Discharged December 5, 1862. Enlisted in U. S. Volunteer Service.
Haisch, Lewis. Residence Keokuk, nativity Germany. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Hancock, J. W. Residence Belfast, nativity Indiana. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Hansom, Reuben. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Hayse, Joshua. Residence Croton, nativity New York. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Hinkle, William. Residence Croton, nativity Iowa. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Hough, Thomas. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Johnson, Christopher. Residence Belfast, nativity Missouri. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Johnson, John G. Residence Belfast, nativity Missouri. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Jones, Samuel E. Residence Keokuk, nativity Pennsylvania. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Jorden, Francis. Residence Belfast. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Kellogg, Newton. Residence Croton, nativity New York. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Longeor, Anthony. Residence Belfast, nativity Germany. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
McPherson, O. H. Residence Belfast, nativity New York. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Mallucks (or Mattox), Edward. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862, as Bugler. Mustered October 17, 1862. Reduced to ranks at his own request February 24, 1863.
Miller, Daniel D. Residence Belfast, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Miller, George. Residence Belfast, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Paddock, Jonathan. Residence Vincennes, nativity Iowa. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Parker, James M. Residence Vincennes, nativity Illinois. Enlisted March 23, 1863. Mustered March 29, 1863.
Parsons, Charles. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Pierce, S. T. Residence Keokuk, nativity New York. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Pugh, David I. Residence Keokuk. Enlisted April 1, 1863. Mustered April 1, 1863.
Puterbaugh, Daniel M. Residence Croton, nativity Pennsylvania. Enlisted March 15, 1863. Mustered March 15, 1863.
Raines, George W. Age 34. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862. Promoted Bugler February 24, 1863.
Ruby, John G. Residence Croton, nativity Germany. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Rumbaugh, A. H. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Sanders, John. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Sole, William. Residence Croton, nativity Prussia. Appointed Captain October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862. Dismissed December 29, 1862.
Spurgeon, L. D. Residence Belfast, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Starr, Perley. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Swindler, G. Residence Croton, nativity Indiana. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Triplet, William. Residence Croton. Enlisted November 10, 1862. Mustered November 10, 1862.
Underwood, John. Residence Croton, nativity New York. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Wickersham, Thomas. Residence Croton, nativity Pennsylvania. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Williams, Henry. Residence Croton, nativity Virginia. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Wood, Samuel H. Residence Croton, nativity Ohio. Enlisted October 17, 1862. Mustered October 17, 1862.
Roll Of Honor
List of War Veterans
Living in Lee County
Ft Madison Newspaper, Dated June 3, 1885
State Served Name Rank Company Address
CEDAR TOWNSHIP * * * *
Tennessee Thornton, Alex Corporal Co. C 9th Calvery Cottonwood
Iowa Bell, Thomas A. Private Co. E 45th Infantry Cottonwood
Iowa Beach, Malcom Private Co. E 45th Infantry Hillsboro
Iowa Carhoff, Joseph Private * *
Iowa Clark, W.J. Private Co. H 25th Infantry Houghton
Iowa Dawson, John Private Co. E 45th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa DeRosear, William Private Co. E 37th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa Garver, Jacob Sergeant Co. E 45th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa Hyde, Rollanders Private Co. E 45th Infantry LaCrew
Iowa Holmes, Jno. M. Private Co. D 14th Infantry LaCrew
Iowa Heaton, Kimore E. Private Co. A 19th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa Kennedy, James Sergeant Co. E 45th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa Middaugh, John Private Co. C 8th Calvery Cottonwood
Iowa Miller, Jackson Private Co. D 14th Infantry Cottonwood
Iowa Pickard, J.D. Private Co. D 7th Infantry Cottonwood
Iowa Pickard, H.J. Private Co. D 7th Infantry Cottonwood
Iowa Pickard, Hiram Private Co. E 1st Calvery Houghton
Iowa Rigby, Ralph Corporal Co. B 3rd Calvery Houghton
Iowa Sivil, John Private Co. C 37th Infantry Big Mound
Iowa Thornburg, William Corporal Co. E 45th Infantry Mt Hamill
Iowa Turtin, Elvin J. Private Co. E 8th Infantry Mt Hamill
CHARLESTON TOWNSHIP * * * *
Illinois Bassett, C.S. * Co. C 45th Infantry Charleston
Missouri Bishop, Edward T. * Co. F. 21 Infantry Charleston
Iowa Bishop, S.M. * Co. B 3rd Calvery Charleston
Iowa Slingerland, J.H. * Co. A 30th(?) Infantry Charleston
Missouri Kempkes, Thomas E. * Co. E 7th Cavelry Charleston
Iowa Glassford(?), William * Co. A 19th Infantry Charleston
Wisconcin Jones, William P. * Co. F 12th Infantry Charleston
Iowa Rudd, James A. * Co. I 18th Infantry Charleston
Missouri Dye, Asa * Co. B. 23rd Infantry Charleston
Illinois Swisher, James M. * Co. G 2nd Calvery Charleston
Iowa Weber, Jacob * Co. H 3rd Calvery Charleston
Illinois Rokey, Charles * Co. G 37th Infantry Charleston
Missouri Miller, George * Co. F 4th Infantry Charleston
Illinois Leech, E.E. * Co. A 50th Infantry Charleston
Iowa Pickard, Sam Lieutenant Co. C 17th Infantry Charleston
Ohio Buffington, B.R. * Co. K 15th Infantry New Boston
Iowa Ballinger, Joseph * Co. I 15th Infantry New Boston
Kansas Scott, George * Co. A 9th Infantry New Boston
Iowa Hamilton, Jessee * Co. C 3rd Cavelry New Boston
Illinois Caldwell, Jno. * Co. F 22nd Cavelry Warren
Illinois Rose, Charles * Co. B 66th Infantry Donnellson
Illinois Hathaway, P. * Co. T 118th Infantry Donnellson
Iowa Williams, George * Co. A 60th Infantry Belfast
Arkansas Dougherty, P.P. * Co. E 1st Infantry Belfast
Maine Faster, Jno. M. * Co. H 16th Infantry Vincennes
DENMARK TOWNSHIP * * * *
Nebraska Stott, Arthur Private Co. C 1st Cavelry Denmark
Illinois Smith, John Private Co. G 84th Infantry Denmark
Illinois Shamblin, George Private Co. E 18th Infantry Denmark
Illinois Johnson, F.M. Lieutenant Co. F 63 Infantry Augusta
New York Joy, R.N. Captain Co. E 91st Infantry Denmark
Kentucky Hewitt, J.S. Private Co. ? 1st Artillery Augusta
Kentucky Hamerly, Frank Sergeant Co. Q 11th Infantry Denmark
N. Hampshire Cross, Kzrar Private Co. Q 2nd Augusta
Missouri Brackett, G.B. Captain Co. C 1st Engineer Denmark
Missouri Whitmarsh, T.F. Captain Co. C 1st Engineer Denmark
Iowa Brockaway, Nat Private Co. G 19th Infantry Denmark
Iowa Brandt, J.B. Private Co. C 1st Cavelry Augusta
Iowa Cramer, George Sergeant Co. ? 1st Artillery Denmark
Iowa Gross, Charles Private Co. E 12th Infantry Augusta
Iowa Hart, R.S. Private Co. F 1st Cavelry Denmark
Iowa Hart, T.H. Sergeant Co. F 1st Cavelry Denmark
Iowa Hart, G.A. Private Co. F 1st Cavelry Denmark
Iowa Hornby, W.L. Private Co. D 1st Cavelry Denmark
Iowa Hornby, W.L. Private Co. D 1st Cavery Denmark
Iowa Mack, George Private Co B 61st Infantry Denmark
Iowa McNeil, L.P. Private Co. D 7th Calvery Denmark
Iowa Park, Russell Private Co. F 1st Cavelry Denmark
Iowa Smahly, Abner Private Co. E 19th Infantry Denmark
Iowa Van Hyning, W.N. Private Co. D 17th Infantry Denmark
DES MOINES TOWNSHIP * * * *
Illinois Amos, Joel Private Co. G 32 Infantry Vincennes
Illinois Case, E.J. Private Co. I 10th Calvery Vincennes
Minnesota Ward, Levi Corporal Co. B 7th Infantry Vincennes
Pennsylvania Garcirch, H.C. Private Co. H 204 Infantry Vincennes
Missouri Alvis, E.H. Sergeant Co. G 21 Infantry Montrose
Missouri Chance, Harvey Private Co. A 2nd Calvery Vincennes
Missouri Horner, Charles Sergeant Co. C 7th Calvery Vincennes
Missouri Moore, Thomas Lieutenant Co. C 7th Calvery Vincennes
Missouri Robb, L.C. Sergeant Co. C 7th Calvery Vincennes
Missouri Rooney, James Private Co. B 7th Infantry Montrose
Missouri Roseberry, J.M. Musician Co. G 21st Infantry Belfast
Missouri Wagner, Conrad Sergeant Co. F 21st Infantry Montrose
Missouri Whetstone, J.N. 1st Sergeant Co. G 21st Infantry Montrose
Ohio Layton, William R. Private Co. C 1st Artillery Vincennes
Ohio McCray, Calvin W. Corporal Co. H 194th Infantry Vincennes
Iowa Best, John Private Co. A 19th Infantry Vincennes
Iowa Naeve, B.C. Sergeant Co. H 39th Infantry Vincennes
Iowa Rider, Henry Corporal Co. A 19th Infantry Vincennes
Iowa Vanvleit, W.B. Private Co. A 19th Infantry Vincennes
FRANKLIN TOWNSHIP * * * *
W Virgina Gardner, E.C. Private Co. D 7th Dover
Indiana Odirone, L.M. Private Co. D 128 Dover
Penn. Brandsletter, Christ Private Co. J 56th Donnellson
Illinois Ditson, Lyman Private * Franklin
* * * Blackhawk War *
Illinois Paschal, Samuel Private * LaCrew
* * * Blackhawk War *
Illinois Spohnhelmer, Jacob Private Co. B C Donnellson
Missouri Bird, Hugh Private Co. ? 7th Franklin
Kansas Christman, Fred Private Co. K 13th Franklin
Iowa Felkert, Peter Private Co. J 44th Donnellson
Iowa Jotter, Christian Private Co. D 7th Donnellson
Iowa Tepfar, Valentine Private Co. B 17th Infantry Donnellson
GREEN BAY TOWNSHIP * * * *
Missouri Krewson, Jon. L. Private Co. I 51st Infantry Wever
Missouri McConn, Redman Private Co. K 39th Infantry Wever
Oregon Pfeiff, Lewis Private Co. F 1st Infantry Wever
California Pfeiff, Lewis 2nd Sergeant Co. B 8th Calvery Wever
Indiana Frank, Ernest Private Co. K 7th Mounted Inf Wever
Iowa Andrews, Edwin M. Private Co. I 30th Infantry Wever
Iowa Emmitt, George W. Private Co. K 9th Infantry Wever
Iowa Fosterling, H. Private Co. F 5th Calvery Wever
Iowa Lyons, Leicester Private Co. I 12th Infantry Augusta
Iowa Robins, Joseph Private Co. G 9th Infantry Wever
Iowa Smith, William Wagon Master Co. K 2nd Calvery Wever
Iowa Storms, Jno J. Private Co. I 30th Infantry Wever
Iowa Storms, George W. Private Co. I 30th Infantry Wever
Iowa Schubert, August F. Private Co. F 5th Calvery Wever
Iowa Vogt, Samuel H. Private Co. B 17th Infantry Wever
Iowa Westcott, C.L. Private Co. K 15th Infantry Ft Madison
HARRISON TOWNSHIP * * * *
Indiana Borman, Christian Private Co. H 19th Infantry Primrose
Ohio Miller, William Private Co. B 78 Infantry Farmington
Ohio Williamson, Ebenezer Private Co. C 51st Infantry Primrose
Missouri Weber, John Private Co. K 8th Infantry Primrose
Penn Taylor, John Private Co. A 2nd Infantry Primrose
* * * Mexican War *
Iowa Britenstein, William Private Co. B 3rd Calvery Farmington
Iowa Coleman, Mills Private Co. E 8th Calvery Primrose
Iowa Pool, Joseph Private Co. B 3rd Calvery Primrose
Iowa Russell, Thomas B. Private Co. C 3rd Calvery Warren
Iowa Rye(?), Thomas Private Co. B 8th Calvery Primrose
Iowa Smoot, Charles L. Private Co. E 8th Infantry Warren
Iowa Tompson, William Private Co. B 60th Infantry LaCrew
JACKSON TOWNSHIP * * * *
Iowa Turner, William H. Surgeon Co. 2nd Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Oiler, Eli R. * Co. A 1st Cavelry Keokuk
Iowa Tuner, James P. 2nd Lieutenant Co. A Cavelry Keokuk
Iowa O'Blenness, Mathias * Co. 2nd Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Mc Kibben, Charles F. * Co. A 1st Cavelry Keokuk
Missouri Smith, WIlliam J. * Co. C 10th Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Fanning, Monterville * Co. E 7th Infantry Keokuk
Iowa O'Blenness, Leban * Co. A 1st Cavelry Keokuk
Iowa Wyatt, William H. Sergeant Co. A 1st Cavelry Keokuk
Illinois Putman, Simon 1st Lieutenant Co. 3rd Cavelry Keokuk
* * * Quarter Master *
Iowa Lafaever, A.J. Corporal Co. C 45th Infantry Keokuk
Ohio Fletcher, John * Co. B 30th Infantry Keokuk
Wisconsin Scott, Theodore * Co. A 3rd Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Gates, Enoch R. * Co. C 31st Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Reimers, Benedict * Co. A 19th Infantry Keokuk
Ohio Shearer, Henry Sergeant Co. E 24th Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Hoffman, Frank * Co. A 2nd Infantry Keokuk
Illinois Erb, John * Co. K 67th Infantry Keokuk
Iowa Sala, Anglos F. * Co. A 1st Cavelry Keokuk
Penn'va Springer, Franklin 1st Lieutenant Co. A 21st Cavelry Keokuk
Ohio Phillips, George W. * Co. L 9th Cavelry Keokuk
Missouri Westfall, Thomas * Co. F 7th Infantry Keokuk
California Meyers, August * Co. G 2nd Cavelry Keokuk
Missouri McKean, James * Co. H 21st Infantry Keokuk
Illinois Harvey, James * Co. C Infantry Keokuk
Ohio House, Elijah * Co. H 15th Infantry Keokuk
JEFFERSON TOWNSHIP * * * *
New York Mitchell, William Private Co. C 22nd Infantry Ft Madison
Missouri Reid, George Private Co. I 15th Infantry Viele
Kansas Kudebeh, William Private Co. K 19th Calvery Viele
Illinois Griswold, James Private Co. K 53rd Infantry Viele
Illinois Haffner, George Private Co. B 66th Infantry Viele
Illinois Schiller, Charles Sergeant Co. B 66th Infantry Viele
Iowa Andrews, William C. Private Co. A 1st Cavelry Montrose
Iowa Brown, J.J. 1st Lieutenant Co. G 4th Calvery Ft Madison
Iowa Brown, J.J. 1st Sargeant Co. F Infantry Ft Madison
* * * Mexican War *
Iowa Cale, Lewis Private Co. B 13th infantry Montrose
Iowa Crosley, Ross Private Co. E 19th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Crossley, Laurence Private Co. G 4th Calvery Viele
Iowa Eistmer, Conrad Private Co. D 7th Infantry Viele
Iowa Hewitt, Lewis Private Co. A 30th Infantry Viele
Iowa Riddle, Alexander Corporal Co. G 4th Calvery Viele
Iowa Ramsey, B.B. Private Co. I 17th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Rudd, Harvey Private Co. B 19th Cavelry New Boston
Iowa Stachel, William Private Co. B 12th Infantry Viele
Iowa Shay, Perry Private Co. C 3rd Cavelry Montrose
Iowa Stopper, John Private Co. K 16th Infantry Viele
MADISON TOWNSHIP * * * *
New York Church, Henry D. Corporal Co. K 24th Calvery Ft Madison
Iowa Peiris, Nicholas Private Co. K 16th Infantry Ft Madison
Ohio Westphalen, William Private Co. I 5th Infantry Ft Madison
MARION TOWNSHIP * * * *
Illinois Sumption, H. Private Co. R 138th Infantry Houghton
Ohio Bellis, Adam Private Co. 1st Artillery Houghton
Ohio Sumption, H. Private Co. F 34th Infantry Houghton
Iowa Addington, Amos Private Co. B 3rd Calvery Pilot Grove
Iowa Denny, Joseph Private Co. D 7th Infantry Pilot Grove
Iowa Hursey, Charles Sergeant Co. R 6th Infantry Houghton
Iowa Holland, A.V. Sergeant Co. 3rd Calvery Pilot Grove
Iowa Hanen, S.T. Private Co. 3rd Calvery Pilot Grove
Iowa Jennings, H.W. Private * Pilot Grove
Iowa McClure, J.W. Corporal Co. E 19th Infantry Pilot Grove
Iowa Mc Chord, C.C. Lieutenant Co. 3rd Calvery Houghton
Iowa Marshall, J.E. Private Co. G 46th Houghton
Iowa Seamans, A.G. Private Co. R 8th Pilot Grove
MONTROSE TOWNSHIP * * * *
Indiana Carpenter, Charles Private Co. C 17th Montrose
Ohio Shewer, T.B. Private Co. D 20th Montrose
Wisconsin Joster, F.W. Private Co. D 8th Montrose
Missouri Alvis, Hiram J. Private Co. G 21st Infantry Montrose
Missouri Brewer, Uzal Private Co. C 20th Infantry Montrose
Missouri Ray, Woodward Private Co. G 16th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Andrews, W.C. Private Co. A 30th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Ball, Eli Private Co. F 14th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Bert, Benjamin 1st Lient Co. A 16th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Cooney, J.K. 1st Lient Co. A 18th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Denmire, Edward Private Co. I 3rd Infantry Montrose
Iowa Kirkpatrick, F.M. Private Co. D 17th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Moonrod, George Private Co. D 31st Infantry Montrose
Iowa Sawyer, S.N. 1st Sergt Co. I 17th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Stephenson, L. 1st Sergt Co. I 17th Infantry Montrose
Iowa Simmons, Henry Captain Co. A 2nd Infantry Montrose
Iowa Trimble, Benjamin Private Co. I 17th Infantry Montrose
VAN BUREN TOWNSHIP * * * *
Illinois Tinder, Robert Private Co. I 2nd Cavalry Farmington
Ohio Ephland, Thomas Mexican War Co. B Calvalry Croton
* * * Private *
Ohio Starr, Jno B. Private Co F 73rd Infantry Croton
Missouri Bishop, Mordica Private Co. G 21st Infantry Croton
Missouri Breanchan, Jeremiah Corporal Co. H 10th Calvary Croton
Missouri Harlan, Aaron Sergeant Co. F 21st Infantry Croton
Missouri Moody, Benjamin Private Co. F 21st Infantry Croton
Missouri Perkins, Levi Private Co. F 65th Infantry Farmington
Missouri Starr, Elijah. Private Co. F 21st Infantry Croton
Missouri Shepard, Abraham Private Co. B 23rd Infantry Warren
Missouri Toops, Stephan Bugler Co. D 1st Cavery Belfast
Missouri Watts, Eliha Private Co. G 21st Infantry Croton
Iowa Anthony, Robert Sergeant Co. C 25th Infantry Belfast
Iowa Brown, Henry Private Co. B 60th Infantry Farmington
Iowa Buck, Adelbert Private Co. I 30th Infantry Farmington
Iowa Conley, Joseph Private Co. A 2nd Infantry Belfast
Iowa Hufford, Jno. W. Private Co. H 6th Infantry Farmington
Iowa Horsley, Samuel Private Co. K 19th Infantry Croton
Iowa Holmes, Paschal Private Co. D 36th Infantry Croton
Iowa Hinson, Mortimer Private Co. C 25th Infantry Belfast
Iowa McPherson, Orton H. Private Co. B 3rd Calvery Belfast
Iowa Moyer, Jno. C. Corporal Co. H 36th Infantry Croton
Iowa Mathews, P.M. Private Co. B 3rd Calvery Warren
Iowa Storms, Daniel Private Co. I 30th Infantry Croton
Iowa South, John R. Private Co. A 13th Infantry Belfast
Iowa Waste, Francis H. Private Co. C 3rd Calvery Belfast
Iowa Warde, Jno. Private Co. E 2nd Calvery Farmington
WEST POINT TOWNSHIP * * * *
Michigan Goebel(Geeble), Henry Private Co. M 3rd Infantry West Point
Missouri Gayton(Guyton), Jno. Private Co. F 21st Infantry Ft Madison
Missouri Rogers, George Private Co. K 7th Infantry West Point
Iowa Arnold, Emerson Private Co. G 45th Infantry Ft Madison
Iowa McKibben, Private Co. I 30th Infantry Ft Madison
Iowa Stanfer, Christ Private Co. F 6th Infantry West Point
Iowa Shoene, Phillip Private Co. E 16th Infantry Ft Madison
WASHINGTON TOWNSHIP * * * *
Wisconsin Techoepe, Moritz Corporal Co. C 34th Infantry Ft Madison
New York Taylor, Horace Corporal Co. P 24th Infantry Ft Madison
Iowa Gregg, W.C. Private Co. P 30th Infantry Ft Madison
Iowa Hays, Samuel F. Private Co. C 17th Infantry Wever
Iowa Scholtz, Henry Private Co.P 30th Infantry Ft Madison
Iowa Tibbetts, Polk E. Sergeant Co. G 4th Calvery Ft Madison
Iowa Willard, Alonzo Private Co. E 19th Infantry Augusta